Snow Skiing Terms
There are more ways than you might imagine to describe snow. Here's a list of terms to describe snow and skiing conditions.
Types of Avalanches
An avalanche is a large volume of snow moving quickly down the side of a mountain. There are three different types of avalanches with varying degrees of danger.
Cross Country Skiing Glossary
Glossary of cross country skiing terms, including definitions.
"360" is the name for an advanced freestyle skiing aerial maneuver where, once in the air off a jump, a skier rotates through 360 degrees and lands facing down the hill.
"720" is the name for an advanced freestyle skiing aerial maneuver where, once in the air off a jump, a skier rotates through 720 degrees and lands facing down the hill.
Alpine skiing is skiing downhill on a mountain.
Types of Ski Lifts
Information on the various types of ski lifts including aerial lifts, surface lifts and cable lifts.
The DIN setting is the amount of force required to release an alpine ski boot from the ski bindings.
Cross Country Ski Bindings
There are a variety of skis used for cross country skiing, ranging from light racing skis to wider telemark skis.
New Nordic Norm (NNN)
New Nordic Norm (NNN) is a boot and binding system that is known for its comfortable flex and ski control.
Backcountry skiing is skiing on terrain that isn't marked, mapped, or groomed. It offers skiers a chance to brave more challenging terrain in a more natural setting, and sometimes even make the first tracks in fresh powder.
DIN (Deutsche Industrie Normen) Setting
The DIN (Deutsche Industrie Normen) setting determines how easily the binding will release the ski boot from the ski when a skier falls.
A ski pass allows a skier to ski on a particular mountain or at a particular ski resort for a ski season.
Cross Country Skiing Equipment
Cross country skiing equipment includes need cross country skis, ski bindings, ski poles, and boots.
A ski boot fitter is trained to fit ski boots to the individual skier.
Cross Country Skiing
Cross country skiing is skiing over level ground or small hills.
Diagonal stride is the equivalent of walking in cross-country skiing.
Goggles are tight–fitting glasses that are used to protect the eyes from snow, wind, and glare.
Glade skiing is skiing back and forth through trees.
Nordic Skiing is a term that refers to any form of cross-country skiing, which includes classic or backcountry touring, skating, and telemark skiing.
Paralympic Alpine Skiing Competition
Paralympic alpine skiing competition is open to male and female athletes with physical disabilities.
Powder skis are wide (i.e. fat) skis designed to float through fresh powder snow.
A sitzmark is a large hole or indentation left behind from a fallen cross country skier.
To sidestep is to use small steps to move laterally while on cross country skis.
Ski Boot Footbeds
Ski boot footbeds are inserts (orthotics) molded to bring the load bearing parts of the foot in sync with the gravitational force of the skeletal system. A ski boot footbed is molded from a semi-rigid material which distributes the forces developed on the foot during a ski turn.
Ski Boot Size and Fit
The type of ski boots you wear depends on the type of skiing you are doing. Alpine skiers wear boots that attach to skis at both the toe and heel, while cross-country boots attach at the toe only.
Information on alpine and cross country ski poles, plus how to buy the correct size ski poles.
Twin Tip Skis
Twin tip skis are named for the shape of the ski. Traditional snow skis have a curved front (tip) and a flat end (tail) while twin tip skis have curved up tips at both ends.
Telemark skiing, also known as freeheel skiing, is skiing with a binding that only connects the boot to the ski at the toes, as in cross-country skiing.
Telemark skis, also known as free heel skis, use a binding where only the toe (hence the free heel term) of the ski boot is attached to the ski.